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Bird Flu Updates

Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the second premises near Tedburn St Mary, Teinbridge, Devon, the 3km Protection Zone has ended, and the area has merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone (effective from 18:30 on the 17 May 2022). A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises.

Interactive Map

Keepers can check where disease control zones are located in GB and if they are in zone on the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) interactive map, and in Northern Ireland on DAERA’s interactive map.

For further information on these cases and details of the measures that apply in the disease control zones currently in force see:
England: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/avian-influenza-bird-flu-cases-and-disease-control-zones-in-england 
This is particularly important given there are multiple overlapping zones.
Waleshttps://gov.wales/avian-influenza-bird-flu-latest-update
Scotlandhttps://www.gov.scot/publications/avian-influenza-bird-flu/ 
Northern Ireland: https://www.daera-ni.gov.uk/articles/avian-influenza-ai

To receive immediate notification of new cases and updated zones in GB please sign up to the APHA’s Animal Disease alert subscription service further details can be found here.

Outbreak Case Summary

In summary, since the first case confirmed in this outbreak on the 26 October 2021, 117 cases of avian influenza have been confirmed in the UK:

      • England: 97 cases of HPAI H5N1 
      • Scotland: 9 cases of HPAI H5N1 
      • Wales: 5 cases of HPAI H5N1
      • Northern Ireland: 6 cases of HPAI H5N1 

This is now the largest ever UK outbreak of avian influenza (prior to this the largest number of cases was 26 cases in 2020/2021 and 13 cases in 2016/2017).

Bird keepers are reminded that an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in force across the UK. See GOV.UK for further information.

High standards of biosecurity must be maintained as good practice for the health of your birds, and that good biosecurity is an essential defence against diseases such as avian influenza and is key to limiting the spread of avian influenza in an outbreak.

Keepers must keep a close watch on their birds for any signs of disease, and seek prompt advice from a vet if they have any concerns. Clinical signs indicative of avian influenza must be reported in England to Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact to the local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

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17/05/22: Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the premises near Tedburn St Mary, Teinbridge, Devon the 3km Protection Zone has ended, and the area has merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone (effective from 18:45 on the 16 May 2022). A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises.

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16/05/22: Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the second premises near Redgrave, Mid Suffolk, Suffolk, the 3km Protection Zone has ended, and the area has merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone (effective from 20:00 on the 15 May 2022). A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises.

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13/05/22: Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zone surrounding the premises near Ilminster, South Somerset, Somerset., the 10km Surveillance Zone has been revoked (effective from 18:45 on the 11 May 2022). All local restrictions around this premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in force.

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11/05/22: Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the premises near Elmswell, Mid Suffolk, Suffolk, the 3km Protection Zone has ended, and the area has merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone (effective from 19:45 on the 10 May 2022). A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises.

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08/05/22: New Case in England

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed on 7 May 2022 in commercial poultry at a premises near Lowdham, Newark and Sherwood, Nottinghamshire. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place around the premises (effective from 20:30 on the 7 May 2022).

Case Update in England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding a premises near Ilminster, South Somerset, Somerset, the 3km Protection Zone has ended, and the area has merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone (effective from 20:30 on the 7 May 2022). A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises.

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26/04/22:Following the recent communication from Defra regarding the lifting of housing measures, there is a significant amount of misunderstanding in respect of what can and cannot be done in restricted zones around outbreaks of Avian Influenza. Hopefully the following will provide some clarity.

The restrictions that are being lifted on Monday 2nd May are housing restrictions. These restrictions meant that captive birds had to be housed. However, pigeons were allowed to be exercised daily for limited periods during the housing measures, but could not be allowed an open loft. Therefore, the lifting of the housing measures means that lofts outside of restricted zones can now have open lofts. 

Lofts within 3km and 10km zones around outbreaks are still subject to the restrictions associated within these areas and cannot therefore take part in any gathering (racing etc) or training.  In addition, race marking or liberations cannot take place within these zones.

For more detail please refer to the avian influenza code of practice for racing pigeons.

This document also highlights how to apply for a licence to move birds from within restricted zones. This, to my knowledge, has never been tested for racing pigeons. 

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25/04/22: Bird keepers urged to maintain scrupulous biosecurity standards as housing measures set to be lifted

The risk of incursion of highly pathogenic (HPAI) avian influenza H5 in wild birds in Great Britain has reduced from very high to high. With the risk of poultry exposure to HPAI H5 in Great Britain has reduced from medium (with low uncertainty) to low (with high uncertainty) where good biosecurity is applied and has reduced from high (with low uncertainty) to medium (with high uncertainty) where biosecurity is suboptimal.

Following the reduction in the risk levels the UK Chief Veterinary Officers have announced that the mandatory housing measures for poultry and other captive birds will be lifted across the UK from 00:01 on Monday 2 May 2022.

Although the risk has reduced, there continues to be a risk to poultry and other captive birds even where good biosecurity is practised. The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) will remain in force across the UK until further notice, with only the housing measures component being lifted from 00:01 on the 2 May 2022. This means all bird keepers (whether they have pet birds, a commercial or a backyard flock) must continue to take effective and precautionary biosecurity measures until further notice.

No changes to the birds gathering general licence have been made, and until further notice gathering of poultry (Galliformes or Anseriformes birds) are not permitted. Galliforme birds include pheasants, partridge, quail, chickens, turkey and guinea fowl. Anseriforme birds include ducks, geese and swans. Bird gatherings of other types of birds are still permitted through the general licences. See our guidance on holding a bird gathering for further information.

Keepers must continue to keep a close watch on their birds for any signs of disease, and seek prompt advice from a vet if they have any concerns. Clinical signs indicative of avian influenza must be reported in England to Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact to the local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

In addition, while the risk levels have reduced, infection may still be present in the environment. All birds keepers should check the guidance available on GOV.UK/BirdFlu on the proactive steps they should take before the 2 May 2022 to prepare for when your birds can be let outside again to reduce the risk to their birds.

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23/04/22: New Case England

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed on 22 April 2022 in birds at a premises near Ilkeston, Erewash, Derbyshire. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place surrounding the premises (effective from 19:00 on the 22 April 2022).

Case Updates Scotland

  • Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection at the infected premises and mandatory surveillance requirements the 3km Protection Zone surrounding the premises near Strichen, Aberdeenshire has ended and the area which comprised the Protection Zone has been merged with the Surveillance Zone (effective from 14:40 on the 21 April 2022). A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises
  • Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zone the 10km Surveillance Zone surrounding the premises near Beith, North Ayrshire has been revoked (effective from 09:20 on the 22 April 2022). All local restrictions associated with the disease control zone around this premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ), including the requirement to house all birds, remains in force.

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21/04/22: Case Update England

Following successful completion of all disease control and surveillance activities surrounding the premises near Blaydon, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear the Protection Zone has ended and the Surveillance Zone has been revoked effective from 18:00 on the 20 April 2022. While local movement restrictions have been removed from the area surrounding this premises the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) including housing measures is still in force in the area.

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15/04/22: Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the premises near Byker, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England, the 3km Protection Zone has ended and the 10km Surveillance Zone has been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed surrounding this premises but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures, including the requirement to house all birds, remain in force.

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14/04/22: New Case England

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed on 13 April 2022 in poultry at a second premises near Tedburn St Mary, Teignbridge, Devon. All birds on the infected premises will be humanely culled. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the premises (zones in force from 18:00 on the 13 April 2022).

Case Update England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone surrounding a premises near Bishop’s Waltham, Winchester, Hampshire, the 10km Surveillance Zone surrounding this premises has been revoked (effective from 18:00 on the 13 April 2022). However, the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds.

Case Update Scotland

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding a premises near Collieston, Aberdeenshire, the 10km Surveillance Zone surrounding this premises has been revoked (effective from 09:30 on the 12 April 2022). However the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds.

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08/04/22: Case Updates England

  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was suspected in birds at a premises near Tedburn St Mary, Teignbridge, Devon on 6 April 2022. Following official testing, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed on 7 April 2022. All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. The 3km and 10km Temporary Control Zones surrounding the premises have been revoked and replaced by a 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone (effective from 21:15 on the 7 April 2022).
  • Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zone surrounding a premises near Wooler, Berwick Upon Tweed, Northumberland the 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been revoked (effective from 19:00 on the 7 April 2022). All local restrictions around this premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds.

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07/04/22: New Cases England

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed on 6 April 2022 in poultry at the following premises. All birds on the infected premises will be humanely culled. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place surrounding each of the premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was suspected in birds on 6 April 2022 at a premises near Tedburn St Mary, Teignbridge, Devon. All birds on the infected premises will be humanely culled. 3km and 10km Temporary Control Zones have been put in place around the premises (zones in force from 21:15 on the 6 April 2021).

Case Updates England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the following premises, the 10km Surveillance Zones have been revoked. All local restrictions around these premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds:

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the following premises, the 3km Protection Zones have ended and the 10km Surveillance Zones have been revoked. All local restrictions around these premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds.

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05/04/22: Case Updates England

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding the following premises, the 3km Protection Zones have ended, and the areas have merged with the relevant Surveillance Zone. 10km Surveillance Zones remain in force surrounding these premises:

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zone surrounding a premises near Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Lincolnshire, the 3km Protection Zone has ended and the 10km Surveillance Zone has been revoked. All local restrictions around this premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds (effective from 11:45 on the 2 April 2022).

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zone surrounding a premises near Ledbury, North Herefordshire, Herefordshire, the 10km Surveillance Zone has been revoked. All local restrictions around this premises have been lifted but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone remains in force, including the requirement to house all birds (effective from 10:00 on the 31 March 2022).

Case Update Scotland

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the disease control zones surrounding a premises near Collieston, Aberdeenshire, the 3km Protection Zone has ended, and the area has merged with the Surveillance Zone. A 10km Surveillance Zone remains in force surrounding this premises.

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01/04/22: Avian Influenza Protection Zone Update

The AIPZ was updated on 29th March to allow the release of racing pigeons, doves and other Columbiformes under certain conditions – see the declaration here.

[Individual case updates before this date have been removed to keep the length of this article down. To see the latest position in England, refer to the the APHA’s interactive map.]

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25/03/22: Defra News Story

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11/03/22: Wild Bird Findings

  • The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carries out year-round avian influenza surveillance of dead wild birds submitted via public reports and warden patrols. For more information see https://www.gov.uk/guidance/avian-influenza-bird-flu#wild-birds-in-the-uk
  • Through this surveillance findings of Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in wild birds continue to be reported.
  • In addition, retrospective analysis of samples from a mute swan that died in Wiltshire in November 2021 has now confirmed a single finding of HPAI H5N8 in a wild bird (all other findings to date in wild birds during the 2021/2022 outbreak have been of the HPAI H5N1 strain). This finding had previously been identified as H5Nx (i.e. the neuraminidase was undermined). This is the only case to date in the UK in the 2021/2022 season and the detection is not unexpected or epidemiologically significant. It is consistent with extremely low-level detection in Europe during the same period while also being consistent with H5N8 viruses reported in the UK during the 2020/21 season.
  • For further details of findings of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) in wild birds in Great Britain see https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/avian-influenza-in-wild-birds    
  • Further details of the latest avian influenza findings in wild birds in Europe can be found in our outbreak assessments available on GOV.UK at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/avian-influenza-bird-flu-in-europe

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10/01/22: APHA International Disease Monitoring (IDM)

An updated outbreak assessment for highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in the UK and Europe (#8 – 4 Jan 2022) has been published and is available on GOV.UK here

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A message from the APHA/Defra

“Incorrect messages are being posted on social media saying we will cull all captive birds and poultry if they are kept inside the 3 km Protection Zone or the 10 km Surveillance Zone around an avian influenza infected premises. This is not true! There is no automatic culling policy for avian influenza outbreaks in the UK.

Birds will only be culled if:
• Avian influenza is confirmed in the flock following laboratory testing of samples.
• A veterinary risk assessment indicates that there is a strong likelihood that a premises keeping birds has significant links to an infected premises where disease has already been confirmed. These links could be via movements of birds, poultry products, people, equipment, or vehicles between the two premises.

Most premises in the 3 km Protection Zone will just receive a veterinary inspection to provide reassurance that the birds are fit and healthy. However, sampling of waterfowl may be needed, as these birds often do not show signs of infection but could still be carrying the virus.

Further details about contact and tracing premises can be found in Section 35 of our Notifiable Avian Disease Control Strategy.”

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29/11/21: Housing measures came into force across the UK 00:01 on 29 November 2021

  • Housing measures came into force across the UK from 00:01 on Monday 29 November 2021 to protect poultry and captive birds from avian influenza following a number of confirmed cases across Great Britain in recent weeks.
  • The new housing measures, are in addition to the current Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) requirements, and mean that it is a legal requirement for all bird keepers across the UK to keep their birds indoors and to follow strict biosecurity measures in order to limit the spread of and eradicate the disease. [N.B. Pigeon fanciers may exercise their birds while adhering to the strict guidelines/requirements outlined at this page.]
  • Separate AIPZ declarations are issued in each UK administration.
  • Updated biosecurity guidance and a biosecurity self-assessment checklist have been published. These documents include details of biosecurity best practice and further guidance on measures that bird keepers must take in the AIPZ including key guidance on the mandatory housing measures.
  • See the relevant administration’s website below for further information on the latest situation, biosecurity guidance and the requirements of the AIPZ with housing measures declarations in force across the UK from 00:01 29 November 2021:

Updated Infographics Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) and Housing Measures

  • The APHA stakeholder social media products have been updated in relation to the introduction of mandatory housing measures (which are in addition to the current biosecurity requirements of the AIPZ)
  • These images and animations are available for use by organisations and are available to download here.

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Update 25/11/21: Updated Biosecurity Guidance

Updated biosecurity guidance and a biosecurity self-assessment checklist have been published.

These documents include details of biosecurity best practice and further guidance on measures that bird keepers must take in the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) currently in force, in addition to key guidance on how to prepare for when mandatory housing measures come into force across the UK on the 29 November 2021.

See the biosecurity advice on GOV.UK for further information.

Bird flu – Latest situation: UK-wide housing measures introduced to protect poultry and captive birds against avian flu

The Chief Veterinary Officers for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have agreed to bring in new measures to help protect poultry and captive birds. The new housing measures will come into force across the UK from 00:01 on Monday 29 November 2021 to protect poultry and captive birds from avian influenza following a number of confirmed cases across Great Britain in recent weeks.

The new housing measures, which will be in addition to the current AIPZ requirements, will come into force at 00:01 on Monday 29 November 2021, and will mean that it will be a legal requirement for all bird keepers across the UK to keep their birds indoors and to follow strict biosecurity measures in order to limit the spread of and eradicate the disease.

An AIPZ including housing measure has been in force in the districts of Harrogate, Hambleton and Richmondshire in North Yorkshire, England since 20:30 on the 21 November 2021. From 00:01 on Monday 29 November 2021 equivalent measures will apply across the whole of the UK.

Separate AIPZ declarations are issued in each UK administration see the relevant administrations website below for further information and biosecurity advice on how to prepare for when these mandatory housing measures come into force across the UK on the 29 November 2021.

England: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/avian-influenza-bird-flu 

Scotland: www.gov.scot/avianinfluenza 

Wales: https://gov.wales/avian-influenza-bird-flu

DAERA: https://www.daera-ni.gov.uk/articles/avian-influenza-ai

Changes to Risk Levels

The risk of incursion of highly pathogenic (HPAI) avian influenza H5 in wild birds has increased from high (event occurs often) to very high (with low uncertainty) for England and high (with high uncertainty) for Wales and Scotland for wild birds.

The risk of poultry exposure to HPAI H5 across Great Britain has changed from medium (with medium uncertainty) to medium (with low uncertainty) where good biosecurity is applied, but has increased to high (with low uncertainty) where there are substantial biosecurity breaches and poor biosecurity. If, however, stringent biosecurity is in place the risk would be low for these premise.

Further details on the evidence which supported these decisions can be found in Defra and the Animal Plant Health Agency (APHA) risk assessments available on GOV.UK

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Avian Influenza Update 22/11/21:

From 8.30pm on 21 November 2021, a new avian influenza prevention zone was declared in parts of North Yorkshire in England, namely the districts of Harrogate, Hambleton and Richmondshire. This means that it is a legal requirement for all bird keepers in that area to keep their birds indoors and to follow strict biosecurity measures in order to limit the spread of and eradicate the disease. See the AIPZ section for further information.

Further information is available on the gov.uk website

NB In relation to the comment regarding the legal requirement to keep birds housed, please refer to the Avian Influenza Code of Practice to establish what you can and cannot do with racing pigeons in these zones.

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Update 10/11/21: World Animal Health Organisation (OIE) Disease Freedom

Following confirmation of H5N1 HPAI in a small poultry unit at a premises near Alcester, Bidford, Warwickshire, the UK is no longer free from avian influenza under the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) rules.

There are therefore some restrictions on exports of affected commodities to third countries.

Trade in poultry and poultry related products with third countries that do not require whole UK avian influenza country freedom may continue on the basis of the conditions included in the export health certificates, unless otherwise notified by the importing country.

Agreed Export Health Certificates between the UK and importing countries are considered and issued on a case-by-case basis and can be certified by an Official Veterinarian only if the consignment meets the requirements set out in the export health certificates in full.

A collection of guidance and forms for importing and exporting live animals or animal products is available at this page of the GOV.UK website 

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Update 09/11/21: The Bird Gathering General Licence has been re-issued

This licence is in force until further notice – it may not be possible therefore to hold an event you have notified APHA of previously as certain restrictions are now in place.

The gathering must not be located within any notifiable avian disease Protection, Surveillance, Temporary Control Zone, Temporary Movement Restriction Zone or Restricted Area.

Please check the licence carefully and use the interactive map to establish if bird gatherings are permitted in the area of the country where you are intending to hold a gathering.

Please also note that certain species are no longer permitted to gather under the general licence until further notice. [This does not apply to racing/show pigeons.]

From 00:01 on 8 November 2021 no gatherings of poultry, galliforme birds or anseriforme birds are permitted. Galliforme birds include pheasants, partridge, quail, chickens, turkey and guinea fowl. Anseriforme birds include ducks, geese and swans. The bird gatherings general licence for these types of bird was revoked at 00:01 on 8 November 2021.

Please cancel your event if it involves a bird species that can no longer gather or is in an area of the country now restricted.

The most current licence will always be published on this page of the gov.uk website: please check the latest guidance before holding an event.

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Update 08/11/21: Changes to the Bird Gatherings General Licence in force from 0:01am 8th November 2021

Gatherings include (but are not limited to) bird fairs, markets, shows, sales, exhibitions, and some premises used for dealing or internet sales. In addition, vehicles used to transport live birds where the birds are brought together from multiple premises (so called many-to-one or many-to-many activities) are also considered gatherings. Gatherings are only permitted if licenced.

Bird gathering general licences have been made available by Defra, Scottish Government and Welsh Government permitting bird gatherings in England, Scotland and Wales respectively, provided they have been notified to the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) at least 7 days before the event and that the gathering meets all the requirements of the relevant general licence

Changes to the bird gatherings general licence will come into force in all three GB administrations from 0:01am on the 8th November 2021. From that time no gatherings of poultry, galliforme or anseriforme birds will be permitted. Galliforme birds include pheasants, partridge, quail, chickens, turkey and guinea fowl. Anseriforme birds include ducks, geese and swans.

Gatherings of all other types of birds except poultry (Galliformes and Anseriformes) will be permitted, provided that the APHA has been notified of the gathering at least 7 days before the event and that the gathering meets all the requirements of the general licence.

Further guidance for bird gatherings and a full list of what is permitted in England has been published by Defra on GOV.UK. 

Equivalent changes are being made in Scotland and Wales, see the Scottish Government website and Welsh Government website for further information.

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Update 04/11/21: Latest situation: Avian influenza prevention zone declared across Great Britain

Following a number of detections of avian influenza in wild birds across Great Britain, the Chief Veterinary Officers from England, Scotland and Wales have declared an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) across the whole of Great Britain to mitigate the risk of the disease spreading amongst poultry and captive birds.

This means that from 5pm on Wednesday 3 November 2021 it will be a legal requirement for all bird keepers in Great Britain to follow strict biosecurity measures to help protect their birds.

The AIPZ now in force across GB, does not include a requirement to house birds. However, this is being kept under constant review. With the increased risk of Avian Influenza during the winter, the need to include a mandatory housing requirement in the AIPZ may arise. Further disease control measures will be based on the latest scientific evidence and veterinary advice.

Biosecurity guidance and information on the latest avian influenza situation and the AIPZ are available at:

England: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/avian-influenza-bird-flu 

Scotland: www.gov.scot/avianinfluenza 

Wales: https://gov.wales/avian-influenza-bird-flu

Risk Levels

The risk of incursion of highly pathogenic (HPAI) avian influenza H5 in wild birds has increased from medium (event occurs regularly) to high (event occurs often) for wild birds.

The risk of poultry and captive bird exposure to HPAI H5 across Great Britain has increased from low (with medium uncertainty) to medium (with medium uncertainty) where biosecurity on premises is below the required standard. Where stringent biosecurity measures are in place, the risk has increased from low (with low uncertainty) to low (with medium uncertainty).

Further details on the evidence which supported these decisions can be found in Defra and the Animal Plant Health Agency (APHA) risk assessments available on GOV.UK

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